The Reference Publications, to be quoted in all publications using the NEMO System are listed below.

For latest release nemo_v3_6_STABLE:

  • Vancoppenolle M., Fichefet, T., Goosse, H., Bouillon, S., Madec, G., & Morales Maqueda, M. A. 2009: "Simulating the mass balance and salinity of Arctic and Antarctic sea ice. 1. Model description and validation". Ocean Modelling, 2009, 27 (1-2), 33-53  (
  • Rousset, C., Vancoppenolle, M., Madec, G., Fichefet, T., Flavoni, S., Barthélemy, A., Benshila, R., Chanut, J., Levy, C., Masson, S., and Vivier, F. 2015: "The Louvain-La-Neuve sea ice model LIM3.6: global and regional capabilities". Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 2991-3005, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-2991-2015. (

For NEMO Tangent and Adjoint Models:

Other NEMO Publications 

Other manuals and documentation:


Slides available for your presentations:




For LIM3:

  • For the LIM2 version of sea-ice model,
    Fichefet, T., and M.A. Morales Maqueda, 1997: "Sensitivity of a global sea ice model to the treatment of ice thermodynamics and dynamics" J. Geophys. Res., 102, 12,60912,646.
    Goosse, H., and T. Fichefet, 1999: "Importance of ice-ocean interactions for the global ocean circulation: A model study". J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23,33723,355.
  • OPA Reference manual:
    Madec, G., Delecluse P., Imbard M., and Lévy C., 1998: "OPA 8.1 Ocean General Circulation Model reference manual". Note du Pole de modélisation, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace (IPSL), France, No11, 91pp.Doc_OPA8.1.pdf1.53
  • Coding rules v1: coding_rules_OPA9
  • NEMO coding Conventions v2 - July 2010: